The Cheka had carried out not a few summary executions in the first half of In Stalin's ruthless methods again drew world attention. Stalin's name seldom appears in records of the revolution, for he remained in the background as an administrator. His main motive was, presumably, to maximize his personal power.
The great purges In late —just when the worst excesses of Stalinism seemed to have spent themselves—the Secretary General launched a new campaign of political terror against the very Communist Party members who had brought him to power; his pretext was the assassination, in Leningrad on December 1, of his leading colleague and potential rival, Sergey Kirov.
Lenin believed that they injected old bureaucratic habits into the Soviet government but he had no one with whom to replace them. The Bolshevikswho in some respects were closer to the Socialist Revolutionaries, believed that Russia was ready for socialism. Uncooperative peasantstermed kulakswere arrested en masse, being shot, exiled, or absorbed into the rapidly expanding network of Stalinist concentration camps and worked to death under atrocious conditions.
He was short, stocky, black-haired, fierce-eyed, with one arm longer than the other, his swarthy face scarred by smallpox contracted in infancy.
The Civil War and the creation of the U. Petersburg between andcontinued to decline. Yet Stalin was successful in rapidly industrializing a backward country—as was widely acknowledged by enthusiastic contemporary foreign witnesses, including Adolf Hitler and such well-known writers as H.
The constitution of was frequently violated by both the government and the opposition. While the Kronshtadt mutiny was still in progress, Moscow announced the abolition of the universally hated policy of grain requisitions, replacing it with a tax in kind.
His revolutionist activities brought his first arrest, in Soon after his death, attacks, first veiled and then open, were made on the "cult of the individual" arguing that history was made by the masses. Potsdam ConferenceOverview of the Potsdam Conference.
The first Five-Year Plan focused on collectivizing agriculture and rapid industrialization. In fact, knowing that the church could not comply, he sought a pretext for charging it with refusal to obey laws and, at the same time, discrediting it in the eyes of the people for alleged callousness to human suffering.
Aware that the overwhelming majority of intellectuals rejected them, and yet wishing to win them over, the Bolsheviks permitted writers and artists creative freedom as long as they did not engage in overt political dissent.
Overall command of this force was entrusted to Trotsky as Commissar of War and Chairman of the Revolutionary War Council, but all operational decisions were made by professional officers, most of them one-time members of the Imperial General Staff.Mar 30, · The war between Nazi Germany and Stalin's Russia was always going to be hard-fought - but could anyone have predicted the scale of the destruction caused by this ill-considered attack?
STALIN, Joseph ().
One of the most ruthless dictators of modern times was Stalin, the despot who transformed the Soviet Union into a major world power. The final weeks of April saw Soviet troops advance on Berlin, bringing World War II in Europe to an end.
Amid the Soviet onslaught and the confused Nazi retreat, Russian troops found ways to. History. Soviet Union history. The revolution - A disaster. A tragedy for Russia and the world that the Reds won. An appalling step backwards into tyranny. Dec 31, · Find out more about the history of Soviet Union, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more.
Get all the facts on lietuvosstumbrai.com History. Soviet Union history. The revolution - A disaster. A tragedy for Russia and the world that the Reds won.
An appalling step backwards into tyranny.Download