If corrections on any page are numerous or substantial, revise your document and reprint the page. The reference citation style described here is a version of the "Author, Date" scientific style, adapted from the Council of Biology Editors For example, give the year of publication for a book, the year and month of publication for a monthly magazine or journal, and the year, month, and day for a newspaper or daily periodical.
You may be required to use slightly different formats for other papers, such as papers submitted for publication to refereed journals, each of which typically have their own styles. As New England is located at the convergence of several distinct storm tracks http: Citing References in the Body Intro and Discussion of the Paper Throughout the body of your paper primarily the Intro and Discussionwhenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information.
For an Article from a Journal or Magazine List the author s of the article using the same format given above for books, then give the year, the title of the article or chapter no quotes, italics or underlinesthen the title of the journal or magazine in italics if possiblethe volume number of the journal do not use the publication dateand page numbers where the article can be found: A table in a research paper.
Publisher and Location Give the city and state if in the United Statesfollowed by a colon and the publisher name, followed by a period. The paper by Bugjuice is short, and if readers want to find the referenced information, they would not have as much trouble.
Learning how to follow one such set of rules is a worthwhile exercise.
WWW citation should be done with caution since so much is posted without peer review. You will therefore be expected to use the format set out below. In the following sections, we will present the way that we want you to cite your references in the term paper for this course.
Each source you cite in the paper must appear in your reference list; likewise, each entry in the reference list must be cited in your text. For example, an article's title would look like: The top of the first page of a works-cited list.
The first of the three events occurred in the Ordovician, the second in the Devonian, and the third in the Carboniferous and Permian Periods Rodgers, By providing publication information about the sources that helped you write your paper, the reference page both grants proper credit to other researchers and demonstrates your own scholarly diligence, thereby inducting you into the world of academia.
If there is a subtitle, it too should begin with a capital letter. Journal Article Armstrong, P. When a book, paper, or article has no identifiable author, cite it as Anon. That system will not be presented here, but you should expect to encounter it in your reading of the literature. Hot spots are formed by the drift of plates over mantle plumes Vink et al.
Capitalize all major words in journal titles. Later citations to the same person can be shortened, as in: If there are specific page numbers for a citation, add them after the year Walters,pp.
An important component of your writing will be the effective use of reference material. The basic form of your reference will be similar to printed references, but you will need to add some important additional information: A string of citations should be separated by semicolons, e. Electronic documents can come from several types of locations: If your teacher requires a title page in lieu of or in addition to the header, format it according to the instructions you are given.
If you are citing a part of a larger work, you should give the title, followed by a comma, the word "In" followed by the larger work, and then add "[Online]" or "[CDROM]" as appropriate, followed by a period.
National Bureau of Standards. This section goes at the end of your paper. The reference citation style described here is a version of the "Author, Date" scientific style, adapted from the Council of Biology Editors Then put the title of the book in italics if possiblethe publisher, the city, and the page numbers where the article can be found: For Articles or Chapters with separate authors from a Book or Compilation List the author s of the article using the same format given above for books, then give the year, the title of the article or chapter no quotes, italics or underlinesthen the name s of the editor s of the book or compilation, followed by "ed.
Masters Thesis, University of Alaska, Anchorage. As New England is located at the convergence of several distinct storm tracks http: Generally, giving the site Internet-style server name on which the information resides, the name of the file, and the complete path list of directories showing how to get to it is sufficient.
Click and Clack demonstrated that mice treated with synthetic estrogen analogs react similarly.The reference page is a crucial element of your research paper; it helps you prevent plagiarism, and it proves you did your research.
By providing publication information about the sources that helped you write your paper, the reference page both grants proper credit to other researchers and demonstrates your own scholarly diligence.
In any research paper, you will have used information from other sources, and it is essential to use in text citations to accredit other researchers.
This. When to Cite References in Scientific Research Papers. You should acknowledge a source any time (and every time) you use a fact or an idea that you obtained from that source.
Thus, clearly, you need to cite sources for all direct quotations. But you also need to cite sources from which you paraphrase or summarize facts or ideas --. Each source you cite in the paper must appear in your reference list; likewise, each entry in the reference list must be cited in your text.
Your references should begin on a new page separate from the text of the essay; label this page "References" centered at the top of the page (do NOT bold, underline, or use quotation marks for the title).
Aug 29, · How to Cite a Research Paper. When writing a paper for a research project, you may need to cite a research paper you used as a reference. The basic information included in your citation will be the same across all styles%(1).
For example, if the text of your research paper (including any endnotes) ends on page 10, the works-cited list begins on page Center the title, Works Cited, an inch from the top of the page (fig.