Radioactive isotopes as a boon

Radioactive isotope

Occasionally the radiation dose from equipment contaminated with mineral deposits may present a hazard.

All of these collisions and ionizations take place very quickly, in less than a second. In this technique, which is known as a "tracer technique," a radioactive isotope or its suitable compound is introduced at one point in a system, and its movement is traced by measuring the radioactivity at different parts of the system.

An isotope is a particular kind of atom All the atoms of an element have the same number of protons, but the number of their neutrons can differ. Uses of Radioactive Isotopes There are about 50 naturally occurring radioactive isotopes, and the rest are artificial.

Such isotopes or their compounds are called "radioactive tracers. In this method food is treated with gamma rays so that it has a longer shelf life. What are radioactive isotopes? The continuous analysis and rapid response of nuclear techniques, many involving radioisotopes, mean that reliable flow and analytic data can be constantly available.

An extensive range of organic chemicals can be produced with a particular atom or atoms in their structure replaced with an appropriate radioactive equivalent.

Malaria is brought under control by reducing the number of mosquitoes by this technique. In such cases, the heat produced in the decay of the radioactive isotope is converted into electricity by means of thermoelectric junction circuits or related devices.

When the organisms die, they stop incorporating new C, and the constituent C starts to turn back into N by beta decay. These minerals may be deposited as scale in piping and oil field equipment or left as residues in evaporation lagoons.

Approximately 50 of these are found in nature; the rest are produced artificially as the direct products of nuclear reactions or indirectly as the radioactive descendants of these products. This may result in: Such facilities also process bulk products such as raw wool for export from Australia, archival documents and even wood, to kill parasites.

Isotopes of Hydrogen Now that we recalled what isotopes are, what makes them radioactive? That refers to an isotope that is unstable - the atoms will decay after a while.

This process is called radiometric dating or carbon dating. When the radioactive isotope moves in the body, it accumulates in the area of the tumor or blood clot.

Uses of Radioactive Isotopes

After the invention of the gamma scintillation camera by Hal Anger, an American engineer in the s, diagnosing deep injuries in the body became relatively easy. The table lists some naturally occurring radioactive isotopes.

Radioactive Na is injected into the body of the patient or administered orally. However, they cannot be simply turned off, and so must be properly shielded both when in use and at other times.

Radioactive Isotopes Used in Medicine With the advancement in medical technology, many new treatment methods are coming into existence. Nuclear techniques are increasingly used in science, industry and environmental management.

Radioactive isotopes are used in detecting and preventing the corrosion of metals. Large-scale irradiation facilities for gamma sterilisation are used for disposable medical supplies such as syringes, gloves, clothing and instruments, many of which would be damaged by heat sterilisation.Every chemical element has one or more radioactive isotopes.

For example, hydrogen, the lightest element, has three isotopes with mass numbers 1, 2, and 3. Only hydrogen-3, however, is a radioactive isotope, the other two being stable. More than 1, radioactive isotopes of. "Radioactive Isotopes A Boon For Society" Essays and Research Papers Radioactive Isotopes A Boon For Society REVIEW VOCABULARY REVIEW radioactive isotope is an isotope whose nucleus tends to release particles, radiant energy, or both; radioactive dating is a technique for determining the age of a material by measuring the amount of a particular radioactive isotope the material contains.

Radioactive isotopes- boon or a bane Radioactivity is the spontaneous emission of energy from unstable atoms. Atoms are found in all natural matter. There are stable atoms, which remain the same forever, and unstable atoms, which break down or 'decay' into new atoms. These unstable atoms are said to be 'radioactive', because they emit.

Such isotopes or their compounds are called "radioactive tracers." For example, in order to find out if blood is circulating to a wound or not, a radioactive isotope is introduced into the body, and after a suitable time, some quantity of the blood is taken from the wound, and its radioactivity is calculated using a Geiger-Muller Counter.

Radioactive Isotopes A Boon For Society. REVIEW VOCABULARY REVIEW radioactive isotope is an isotope whose nucleus tends to release particles, radiant energy, or both; radioactive dating is a technique for determining the age of a material by measuring the amount of a particular radioactive isotope the material contains.

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