All of this was due, in no small part, to Alcibiades. Sparta countered the idea of a autocrat by putting two kings in place, and an overseeing body of five Ephors. He was a member of the Philaidae clan, from the deme of Laciadae Lakiadai.
In BC an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The folly of that aggressive policy culminated in the disastrous expedition to Sicily B. The Spartans spent their lives drilling and practicing their formations and it showed in battle.
Like men, women followed a strict exercise program and contributed actively to Spartan society. At the start of the war, the Athenians had prudently put aside some money and ships that were to be used only as a last resort.
The fortification of Decelea prevented the shipment of supplies overland to Athens, and forced all supplies to be brought in by sea at increased expense. Instead, mercenaries, lightly armed skirmishers, sailors, and siege engineers filled that void.
They would attend each evening, where specific topic and theme would be chosen for the night. Roughly one-third to two-thirds of the Athenian population died.
It was alleged that the Megarians had desecrated the Hiera Orgas. Through cunning strategy, Lysander totally defeated the Athenian fleet, in BC, at the Battle of Aegospotamidestroying ships and capturing some three or four thousand Athenian sailors.
Geography plays a critical role in shaping civilizations, and this is particularly true of ancient Greece. The Lacedaemonians, with their neighbors the Tegeans, faced the combined armies of Argos, Athens, Mantinea, and Arcadia. Trial for bribery[ edit ] Despite these successes, Cimon was prosecuted by Pericles for allegedly accepting bribes from Alexander I of Macedon.
Although the phalanx was not a Spartan innovation they became the best hoplites in Greece through constant drilling. It was very heavy and protected the warrior from chin to knee.
Both forms of government ensured that every person was within the law, none could escape.However, daily life in Sparta was rather different from most other city-states.
Here women led more active lives, as this would improve their physical strength and their ability to have healthy babies. In BC, the long simmering rivalry between the city-states of Athens and Sparta erupted into open warfare, and for more than a generation the two were locked in a life-and-death struggle.
The Archidamian War. With the exception of Corinth, both Sparta and Athens were land-ruling powers. The war named after Sparta's king Archidamus II, started with Sparta accessing the regions surrounding Athens i.e.
Attica. Athens is seen as the birthplace of democracy – where a large number of the population had a say in state affairs and proceedings. This differed from Sparta’s rule by the few, which allowed for much less say from the people – next to none, in fact.
The two rivals of ancient Greece that made the most noise and gave us the most traditions were Athens and lietuvosstumbrai.com were close together on a map, yet far apart in what they valued and how they lived their lives. One of the main ways they were similar was in their form of government.
Both Athens and Sparta had an Assembly, whose members were elected by the people. Cimon (/ ˈ s aɪ m ə n /;  c. – BC) or Kimon (/ ˈ k aɪ m ə n /; Greek: Κίμων, Kimōn) was an Athenian statesman and general in mid-5th century BC lietuvosstumbrai.com was the son of Miltiades, the victor of the Battle of lietuvosstumbrai.com played a key role in creating the powerful Athenian maritime empire following the failure of the Persian invasion of Greece by Xerxes.Download